Week 4: Introduction to video.

This morning, we were looking at the different types of shots which are used particularly in TV news broadcasts.

First of all, we looked at the different types of shots which are used. They can be:

A piece-to-camera: Where the presenter or reporter is talking straight towards to the camera; A full body shoot: The presenter has most of their body taking up the screen whilst showing the story; The rule-of-thirds: This is mainly used during public interviews when the interviewee takes up exactly a third of the screen. Whilst interviewee, they never look directly towards the camera; they always look off-camera. An establishing shot (or a wide-mid shot) is used to kind of ‘set the scene’ because it shows where the report is going to be based around or shows other areas which are related to a news story. These shots are often used at the very beginning or end to a report but can appear anywhere throughout. A Mid-close up is filmed closer towards a landscape, an event and people. This shot can allow greater detail to what is happening in a report. The final one is a three shot sequence: This is a sequence of three shots that all add up to approximately 3 seconds each.

After that, we looked at a BBC News video of a Syrian family who are struggling with the Syrian war. We watched this video and made a table showing the types of shots and the duration of them, what the image in the shot is and the script- what is said during the shot.

Shot types and video scripts

Time Shot type Image Script
0.00-0.15 seconds Establishing wide-shot along with a time laps. It also shows a mid-close up. The time laps showing the sky in a Jordan city getting darker. The mid-close up of the cars travelling on the roads. “These are dark days for Syrians. As they fled a bloody conflict half a million found refuge here in Jordan cities. Four years on, they’re dispossessed and increasingly desperate”.
0.17-0.31 3 sequence shot, with mid-close up shots. 1st shot– Syrian families and children queuing up for help and transport.

2nd shot– two young boys and their mother waiting for help.

3rd shot- a mother holding her young child while chatting to other refugees.

1st shot- “These refugees can’t afford to head to Europe.”

2nd shot– “Instead, they are going on a different dangerous journey.”

3rd shot– “On some days, hundreds are now returning to Syria.”

0.32-0.39 This shoot shows a mid-close up leading to a wide shot. The mid-close up is behind two family members walking away from the direction of the camera. It forms into a wide shoot when the walk further away from the camera. “Rahled and his daughter Ayad registering to leave. For their safety, they’ve asked us not to show their faces.”
0.40-0.51 A wide shot is used to move around and show the family home. A moving or tracking shoot is used to move around the family home. The image moves around parts of the family’s home, which is very shabby and has very little. “This is where their family of eight’s been living. It’s the bare basics, and the rent is £200 a month. Now all their savings have gone.
0.52-0.55 A mid-close up goes to a close up at 53 seconds. The mid-close up shows a mobile phone being held. The close up shows the mobile phone screen showing the home they’re returning to. “They’re returning home.”
0.56-1.11 A sequence shoot consisting of 4 shoots of the family. All of these are mid-close ups. There are 3 sequence and mid-close up shoots of the Syrian family in the supermarket.  The fourth shoot is of the family walking away from the supermarket. “Most Syrians can’t work legally in Jordan. This year, they’ve lost their free health care and food aid’s been cut. Rahled is convinced they’ll have a better life in Syria, even as the fighting rages on.”
1.12-1.15 A close up of Rahled’s face, as he is being interviewed. This close up is showing just his mouth as he speaks, since he didn’t want his face shown, for his safety. “It’s been terrible. Shelling and barrel bombs almost every day.”
1.16-1.18 A mid-close up. The mid-close up is showing the behind of Rahled, to secure his safety with the reporter facing the camera’s direction but looking at him “People dying.”
1.19-1.22 A close up The shoot returns to a close up of Rhaled’s mouth as he continues talking. “For the last 20 days, there has been talk of a truce.”
1.22-1.25 A mid-close up There is a mid-close up of the reported asking the family questions. With Rahled’s back still to the camera. “But don’t you worry that the situation could get violent again?”
1.26-1.32 A close up returns again. The close up of Rahled occurs again as he answers the reporter’s question. “Yes, I can’t deny I’m scared. But you only die when your time is up.”
1.32-1.35 A mid-close up. This is a mid-close up of a side view of the family sitting next to each other, but from the shoulders downwards, no faces showing. “We don’t have a life here.”
1.36-1.43 A wide-mid-shot. The shot show the bombing currently going on in Syria.” “And this is what he’s going back to. Barrel bombs dropped by regime aircraft in Sothern Syria.
1.44-1.5 A mid-close up. This shows armed men shooting in a battle in Syria. “The free Syrian army says it can’t protect people. And that Russian air power will only increase the bloodshed.”
1.53-2.09 An interview is occurring: using the rule of thirds and The interview is with Major Assam Al-Reis. He is using a third of the screen and is look off screen towards the camera. “We are expecting that by the Russian involvement the situation will be more complicated. This airstrike will be heavier, stronger, more accurate and it will affect lots of Syrians. That’s why we advise our refuges not to go back to Syria now because the situation will be more dangerous.”
2.10-2.24 A 3 shoot sequence with mid-close ups on all three shoots. 1st shot- shows two family members or friends hugging and saying goodbye to each other.

2nd shot- shows two men loading up a vehicle with supplies.

3rd shot- shows three small children with their mother boarding a coach to go back to Syria.

1st shot- “More and more families are saying goodbye.”

2nd shot- “And returning to a war that shows no signs of ending.”

3rd shot- “Jordan transports them to the Syrian border. But those who cross aren’t allowed to come back.”

2.24-2.46 An establishing/wide-mid shoot follows into a full body shoot of the news reporter There is an establishing wide-mid shoot of the coach as it pulls out: the screen image then goes transforms a full body view of the news reporter on the left hand side. This emerges into two shoot types in one single shooting. “Everyone on board this bus has been told that they’ve got just a one-way-ticket. These are Syrians who’ve had to make a dreadful choice, and they’ve opted to go back to the horrors of home instead of facing hunger and misery here. Yolande Knell, BBC News in Northern Jordan.”
Week 4: Introduction to video.

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