Week 2: Conducting research: the 5 W’s

Sheppey crash article

How is Kent Online incorporated in the CNN article?

Kent Online is incorporated by the words of Martin Stammers, the quoted witness of Kent Online, who said “it’s horrific. I’ve never seen anything quite like it in my life.” This shows that the report has used a form of secondary and unofficial research because the quoted source has been provided by someone else who has experienced the situation for themselves. This would be classed as unofficial too because the quote was taken for this article by someone who didn’t intend it to be used by the writer of the article. This may also be because the crash was so severe that not many people could gain access to the Sheppey Bridge and so, all the reporter could rely on was the secondary research.

What perspective?

The report is written in a very basic language with only the outlines of the event and in a very straight-forward structure with short sentences and paragraphs. It only gives the basic but essential facts with a maximum of three short interviews, one of which from the Kent Online newspaper and the other two from the witnesses of the crash event.

Refugee crisis secondary research

My next piece of work is looking at a specific news topic and identifying three main things: The 5 w’s (who, what, when, where, why), looking at how each multimedia report or article is presented in perspective of it and the two main types of sources- official and unofficial. And also the pros and cons of each type of source too.

Refugee crisis.

My news topic will be based around the occurring refugee crisis that is happening all around the world. I have used three various forms of secondary research and pieces of multimedia that give all the relevant information for my chosen topic. I have also included the 5 w’s (who, what, when, where, why and how) involving each source. The purpose of the 5 W’s is to help dig deeper into the information a source or an article holds, which could help the researcher find out more and even play a massive part in the article or report. is  I’ve also stated whether or not it’s an official/unofficial source and the pros and cons of each;

This news topic is about the fact that the refugees are being blocked off from the boarders allowing access into central Europe.

What? This article about the refugees and Hungarian borders is an unofficial source of information, meaning that it was written and not intended to be used by other writers/journalists. But it also provides the readers with the relevant and basic news outlines they require and can even be used by other writers/journalists to expand upon.

Why? This is due to the fact that Hungary has made the decision to close off the southern border with Serbia, which also holds a well-trusted road by the refugees. Refugees then rushed into Croatia, which then tried to push them back into Hungary and Slovenia.

Who? The article was written by Emma Graham-Harrison of the Guardian. This article focuses on the refugees who have been turned away from the Hungarian borders.

Where? The refugees are being turned away from the Hungarian, Croatian and Slovenian boarders leading into central Europe.

When? This report was written by Emma Graham-Harrison of the Guardian on the 19th of September 2015.

The pros of this unofficial source are that you can have quicker access to them and journalists can still use them to assist with their own articles. Some of the cons, however, are that it may not be entirely true and that a part of the source can mislead someone away from the main points of the story.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAM7O2E1NPU

This is the YouTube video which outlines how the borders of Hungary Serbia closed and resulted in the refugees seeking a new border to cross into central Europe.

What? This is an unofficial source of information because it is a video simply outlining the latest news on the refugees and the Hungarian border issues. However, it is explained in a slow and clear tone with only the basics of the story. As a result, it’s easier to understand.

Where? The video shows snapshots of the refugees attempting to cross the borders in different locations, such as entering Croatia from Serbia. This also shows refugees walking along a railway line in Roszke as an alternative to get in- which was blocked off by the police shortly after.

When? This video was published on the 16th September 2015

Why? Refugees had arrived at Croatia as a hope of finding a new route into central Europe, since the Hungarian border was cut off with Serbia.

Who? This video is entirely devoted to the refugees who are being banned from crossing the Hungarian border to central Europe.

Pros of the unofficial source can be that you can compare it with other articles to gain more information and you can also examine another source and expand on it in a new article.

The cons of the unofficial source can be: The contents of the source may be biased at times and could even be completely different and lead the reader away from the main point of the story.

This is a brief news update about the Hungarian border becoming cut off to the refugees. This source is an unofficial source coming from the UN Refugee Agency. This may be an unofficial source but it does feature the quotes of a couple of the victims of this event.

The next one is related to a brief news update about the Hungarian border becoming cut off to the refugees. This source is an unofficial source coming from the UN Refugee Agency. This may be an unofficial source but it does feature the quotes of a couple of the victims of this event.

What? This report is stating that because the Hungarian border has been closed, the refugees have had to sleep the night out in the open and even on fields for some. This source is unofficial with some official elements in them too. This is because a couple of the refugees have been briefly interviewed and expressed their feelings, “I am telling the police I don’t want to stay here. Either let us go to the camp by walking, or let us go free to go to West in buses or taxis.” and also, “We must leave as soon as possible simply because living here without tents, without blankets, is too difficult.”

When? This report was written and published on the 9th September 2015.

Who? This report was written and published by “Don Murray in Roszke, Hungary.”

Why? This report is not just outlining that border becoming closed to them, but also the worst that has now happened to them… being left out out in the open with no shelter for the night. This report, along with the words of the suffering refugees, seems to bring out the horror of what is going on and happening to these people, along with how they’re all being treated too.

Where? This report was addressing the refugees in Roszke, Hungary.

Pros of the official source include the source being up-to- date and the fact that you can access the facts which, sometimes, may not be available to everyone else yet.

Cons of the official source though mean that the information could be too pain and simple- and as a result, not enough research can be gained from it.. Also, many other other people could have gained access to the same information as you.

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Week 2: Conducting research: the 5 W’s

One thought on “Week 2: Conducting research: the 5 W’s

  1. tomrowse says:

    LEASA MERRILL (TUTOR): You have understood the process of the 5 w’s, fact finding exercise and gained some knowledge to start you off on your project.

    Like

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